Hierarchy: The way a Scope 5 account is structured to represent an organization. Typically, the Hierarchy is either categorized by geographical regions or mirrors the organizational format of a company. The Hierarchy is split into several levels:
Root Node: The top level, or the name of the company.
Branch Nodes: The middle levels, such as continents or company divisions.
Facility Nodes (a.k.a. Tracking Nodes): The lowest levels, or the finest grain organizational node. This level often represents a physical or virtual facility.
Trackers: Track an activity. Trackers belong to a single facility node and point to a single Resource. Trackers have their own Activity Ledger that stores records of the activity use. E.g. ‘Seattle Diesel’ tracks diesel used at the Seattle facility.
Resource: Describes an activity, such as fuel use or waste generation, with a unit type to measure the activity in. Resources often include conversion factors for various impacts. The same resource can be used across multiple trackers, but each tracker can only point to one resource to calculate impact from activity usage. E.g. ‘Bus – Diesel - US (by volume)’.
Resource Library: A collection of resources organized by resource type. Scope 5 maintains Standard Resource Libraries that include emission factors published by various environmental authorities. The Custom Resource Library allows Scope 5 users to create unique resources to address specific needs not covered in the Standard Resource Libraries.
Activity Record: One data entry describing the amount of a resource used over a specific time period. Each Record always includes Date and Activity (usage) and sometimes includes Cost.
Activity Ledger: The collection of activity records for one tracker. Depending on tracker configuration, the Activity Ledger displays: Date, Activity (usage), Cost, Impact(s), and the Last Updated information.